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Project Title: Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) for Image Compression

Brief Introduction:

If you use more and more digital still and moving pictures, huge amount of 1disk room is Needed for manipulation and storage space function. For example, a regular photograph that is 35-mm at 12μm per pixel requires about 18Mbytes of storage and something 2nd of NTSC-quality color video requires 23 Mbytes of storage. For this reason image compression is essential so that you can reduce storage space need. Digital images is compressed by eliminating redundant information present within the image, such as for example spatial redundancy, spectral

redundancy and redundancy that is temporal. The treatment of spatial and redundancy that is spectral often attained by transform coding, which uses some reversible linear transform to decorrelate the image data. JPEG is considered the most commonly used image compression standard in today's world. Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) is an ISO standard committee by having a mission on "Coding and compression of still images". It's jointly supported by ISO and ITU-T. But researchers are finding that JPEG has limits which can be numerous. In order to overcome all those limitations and also to increase new enhanced features, ISO and ITU-T has arrived up with brand new image compression standard, which will be JPEG2000. The JPEG2000 is intended to provide a image that is new coding/decoding system suggest that is utilizing of art compression techniques, on the basis of the usage of wavelet technology. Its range that is wide of contains from Portable cameras being digital pre-press, medical imaging. At this time, JPEG2000 is composed of 6 primary parts. The two components which are crucial the coding/decoding processes of JPEG2000 are Wavelet Transform and Arithmetic Coding. Since the later is widely implemented, this paper is targeted on the hardware implementation of discrete wavelet transform (both FDWT and IDWT), that may provide the transform coefficients for later stage and is one component that is key of implementation.

Hardware Details:

  • Discrete wavelet transform(DWT),
  • JPEG 2000.

Software Details:

  • VHDL

* Synplify 7.0 by Synplicity

  • Aldec Active HDL 3.5.

Block Diagram:

For more details