In previous section we have seen that the triggering points VLT and VUT are having same magnitudes. If we want to the upper and lower threshold values to be different then an additional battery of potential ‘V’ is added as shown below.
To find the triggering points:
Applying KVL at the output side, we get
∴I=(Vo-V)/((R1+R2 ) )
From circuit diagram, the threshold (triggering) point can be calculated as
Substituting the equation of ‘I’ in above equation, we get
VT=[(Vo-V)/(R1+R2 )] R2+V
VT=R2/(R1+R2 ) Vo-R2/(R1+R2 ) V+V
VT=R2/(R1+R2 ) Vo+V[1-R2/(R1+R2 )]
VT=R2/(R1+R2 ) Vo+R1/(R1+R2 ) V
When Vout=+Vsat , VT=+ve
When Vout=-Vsat , VT= -ve
The input and output waveforms are shown below.